COLUMBUS, Ohio – Rehabilitation physicians and researchers at The Ohio State University Medical Center are the first in central Ohio and one of a few regionally to incorporate the use of 3-D computer graphics to analyze the coordination of human movement to optimize personalized treatment for patients.
According to Dr. William Pease, director of the innovative motion analysis laboratory at Ohio State Medical Center’s Dodd Hall Rehabilitation Hospital, rapid evidence-based diagnostic results are received using this advanced technology that support the effectiveness of individual treatments for patients with a variety of injuries and diseases causing coordination and movement disorders.
“Our human motion translational laboratory allows us, visually, to understand the causes and repercussions of each patient’s movement in real-time by utilizing advanced technology that records the body in motion,” says Pease, who is also chair of the department of physical medicine and rehabilitation at OSU Medical Center.
The rehabilitation team captures a patient’s limb and body movements and the forces exerted during walking or simulated work activities using a series of cameras and reflectors attached to pivotal locations on the body. The high-speed cameras monitor and record movement from the reflective markers, and a simulation is created using 3-D technology, allowing viewing at any speed and from any angle, even from directly above.
“Our staff then identifies the specific impairments and secondary compensation strategies contributing to functional limitations experienced by a patient during walking, motor function and balance,” adds Pease.
The diagnostic analysis enables the clinical staff of Dodd Hall to provide evidence-based care to a variety of patients, including amputees with prosthetic needs and others with paralysis or movement disorders resulting from stroke, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy and Parkinson’s disease. It is also beneficial in measuring a patient’s ability and readiness to return to work, thus expediting and assisting in resolving insurance and workers compensation issues.
In addition to the functional capacity evaluation (FCE) that includes a musculoskeletal examination, balance and movement assessment, and simulated work performance, data retrieved from the motion analysis reports provides more sophisticated evidence with full kinetic and kinematic graphs, analysis and recommendations for treatment.
“The human eye simply cannot see and analyze all the interwoven movements and functional activities occurring simultaneously, and especially not the forces behind these movements,” says Susan Frederick, a physical therapist at the Medical Center. “There is no comparison to the quality and quantity of information provided by this technology.”
Dodd Hall is nationally recognized for its programs to treat patients with head, back and neck and spinal cord injuries, and those recovering from strokes. Dodd Hall is repeatedly listed as one of the best rehabilitation facilities in the country in annual surveys conducted by U.S.News & World Report magazine.